Infants can be prone to injury because of their small size, and constantly developing bodies. Caring for an injury in a baby is very different from helping an adult. From dispensing medicine to treating a wound, it’s important to follow guidelines tailored to infants.
Here is what parents should know when it comes to infant injuries.
Falls are common with babies, and a leading cause of head injury. Never move an unconscious infant. If the bump is minor, wrap some ice in a soft cloth and apply it to the area. If the infant won’t stop crying or starts vomiting, experiences a seizure, or has pupils that are unevenly dilated, go immediately to an emergency room for treatment.
Lacerations and Puncture Wounds
When a baby has been cut, it’s important to stop the bleeding first and foremost. Their small size means they have a smaller amount of blood so they can’t afford to lose much. Start by applying gentle pressure with a clean piece of cloth or gauze. When bleeding has slowed, rinse the injury with clean water to wash out dirt and then bandage it. For surface cuts, put a little antibiotic ointment on.
If the bleeding won’t stop or if your baby’s injury is a puncture wound, such as from a nail or an animal bite, apply pressure as above and go immediately to a medical provider for professional care. Never use peroxide or alcohol, as they can cause damage.
Shaken Baby Syndrome
A baby’s brain is very delicate, and any forceful shaking or rattling of an infant can cause irreversible damage to this important organ. It may even result in death. If you have reason to suspect an infant has experienced shaken baby syndrome, get in touch with a law firm and speak with a knowledgeable Newfoundland wrongful death attorney at once.
If your little one suffers a burn, run the area under cool water and cover it with clean gauze. According to Gittens & Associates you should never use butter or any other greasy substance on the burn, because it can increase the heat. If a large area is affected or the burn is on the face, extremities or genital area, call the doctor.
Infant injuries happen they are prone to them, but proper care will become second nature if you’re armed with the knowledge of how to respond with appropriate first aid. Whenever there’s doubt or concern, or on the side of safety by speaking with a medical professional.
Guest Post written by Brooke Chaplan. Brooke is a freelance writer and recent graduate of the University of New Mexico. She enjoys hiking, biking, running and blogging about many different subjects including family, home and fitness. Contact Brooke via Twitter @BrookeChaplan